There are many reasons why a woman might need a hysterectomy. They include endometriosis, fibroid tumors, severe pelvic pain, menstrual disorders, ovarian cysts, severe pelvic inflammatory disease, cancer or the prolapse of the uterus or bladder.
The most commonly performed form of hysterectomy is the total hysterectomy in which the uterus and cervix are removed but the fallopian tubes and ovaries remain. In premenopausal women, changes associated with the menstrual cycle such as bloating, breast tenderness and mood swings may still occur without the monthly menstrual bleeding. Until menopause occurs, a woman's ovaries continue to produce estrogen and release eggs.
Another kind of hysterectomy is the hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. During this procedure, the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are removed to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. Premenopausal women may experience symptoms of menopause following the surgery.